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Athens Cathedral

The Cathedral of Athens is an architectural mixture of Byzantinism and neoclassicism.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1821 - )

    1842 Founded.

    1843 Modifications to the original designs of Theophil Hansen, by Dimitrios Zezos, Francois Boulanger and Panagis Kalkos.

    1862 Inaugurated.

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1821)

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

The Athens Cathedral is dedicated to the Annunciation of the Virgin and is a Hellenic-Byzantine building, a mix that is, of Byzantine style with neoclassicism. It has 2 bell towers and inside there are the sarcophagus of Patriarch Gregory V and the reliquary of St. Filothei. Recent interventions in its interior have significantly altered its original character. The most recent include both the mismatched and artless lions of the western entrance. In 1999, it was hit by a large earthquake and has undergone restoration works. 

What I can't see

It was constructed using materials from 72 ruined Athenian churches. After Greece became an independent state, the church symbolized the historic continuity of Greek Orthodox Christianity, from the Byzantium to the present. The choice of Hellenic-Byzantine architecture is not an accident, as it is a synthetic style that combines elements from the ancient and medieval past of Greece. The Great Idea (that is, for Greece to regain the borders of the Byzantine Empire) at that time “required” equal recognition and promotion of Byzantium with classical antiquity. The cathedral is an important reference point for the city and its residents, as it hosts many official ceremonies, celebrations, weddings and funerals of important persons, while it was also used for coronations of kings in the past.


  • Address: Mitropoleos square
  • Postal Code : 10556
  • Phone: +30 210 3221308


Zivas D.A.., (2012), Αρχιτεκτονικός Οδηγός Αθηνών, [Architectural Guide of Athens], Cultural Foundation of Pireos Group

Cade D., (2013), Αθήνα, η αλήθεια, αναζητώντας το Μάνο Χατζιδάκι λίγο πριν «σκάσει η φούσκα», [Athens, the truth, searching for Manos just before the “bubble burst”], Savvalas

Bastea Ε (2008),Αθήνα 1834-1896, Νεοκλασική πολεοδομία και ελληνική εθνική συνείδηση, [Athens, 1834-1896, neoclassical urban planning and greek national conscious] Libro

Biris K. H. (1966), ΑιΑθήναιαπότου19ουειςτον20οναιώνα, [Athens from the 19th up to the 20th century], 5th edition 2005, Athens, Melissa

Collective Work (d.u.), Αθήνα- Athens, Documents of photoarchive

Filippidis D. (1984), Νεοελληνική Αρχιτεκτονική, Αθήνα, [Neohellenic Architecture, Athens], in Archaeology of the city of Athens,

Last visit 7/4/2012

Filippidis D., (2003), Νεοκλασική αρχιτεκτονική, ένα μέλλον για το παρελθόν μας, [Neoclassical architecture, future for our past], in Ιστορία του νέου ελληνισμού, 1770-2000, [History of modern Hellenism], v.4, p.p. 131-148