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Block of Kokkinia

The Block of Kokkinia is another point of Nazi atrocities in Palea Kokkinia district.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1821 - )

    1944 On August 15, the first captives are captured and sent to Haidari. On August 17, the first executions took place at Osias Xenis Square.

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1821)

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

Kokkinia is a district that was created mainly by refugees from Asia Minor and offered strong resistance during the German occupation. The Block of Kokkinia today is a place for art and memory: for the 315 people executed in total, and for the 8,000 transferred to a concentration camp in Haidari, of which 1,800 were sent to Germany. Nazi atrocities included the burning of 80 houses in the neighbourhood. In the same place, there are busts of Aris Velouchiotis and Stefanos Sarafis.


What I can't see

In March 1944, during a period when Hitler’s defeat had already begun in Europe, German and Greek counterparts clashed with the resistance from Kokkinia and surrounding districts, resulting in the Nazis being defeated. The civilian population had been characterized by the German authorities as “full accomplices” to the German losses and Kokkinia was considered a “centre of aggression”. A few days later, the occupying troops attacked with strong forces, and the resistance was shaken in August; as a result, 3,000 heavily armed Nazi forces gathered all men between 14-60 years old for identity testing on the Osias Xenis Square. Those who did not come were executed in their homes. There were hundreds of men gathered in the square, and their wives, mothers and young children followed behind while crying. The men gathered were forced to kneel with their heads up and under the hot sun without water. The women tried to hydrate them with water from pitchers, but the Greek Nazi militants kicked them and broke the pitchers. Then, the hooded collaborators indicated the first to be executed and then plundered them. The dead from the executions in the square totaled 72, and this number rose significantly in the next few days due to coldblooded executions (for example, during the memorial for the dead) and deaths resulting from torture.



  • Address: Osia Xeni square, Kyprou and Theiron St.


Mitropoulou Κ., (2008), Πειραιάς ένα σεργιάνι, [Pireaus, a stroll], Athens: Sideris

Rinioti E., (2011), Από την Κοκκινιά του 1923 στη Νίκαια του 2011, ταξίδι στη μνήμη, στην Ιστορία, στο χρόνο, [From Kokkinia of 1923 to Nikea of 2011, a journey to memory, history and time], in

Last visit: 29/3/2018

San Simera, (2018), Το Μπλόκο της Κοκκινιάς, [Block of Kokkinia], in

Last visit: 29/3/2018