Fylis Fortress was of great strategic importance for ancient Athens.
Modern and Contemporary era (1821 - )
1999 The main entrance was severely damaged by the Parnitha earthquake.
Ottoman era (1453- 1821)
Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)
Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)
Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)
Classical era (478-323 BC)
It was built at the beginning of the 4th century BC.
Archaic era (800-479 BC)
Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)
Prehistory (-1100 BC)
What I can see
At the southern foot of Mount Parnitha is the fortress of Fyli, dating back to the time of classical Athens. It is 100m long and 30m wide and the hill was leveled for its construction. The fortification was made of gray limestone boulders. The walls are 2.5m thick and they are interrupted by square towers and a circular one. The west side of the hill remained unfortified because it was the least vulnerable. The fortress of Fyli is one of the best preserved examples of complete fortification of the time.
What I can't see
It is one of the frontier fortresses of the Athenians, which controlled the roads of Attica to and from Boeotia (north). The fortress has been historically known for the struggle against the Thirty Tyrants, which were imposed by the Spartans, after their victory over the Athenians in the Peloponnesian War.
- Address: Mount Parnitha
Unsigned, (2014), Navigating the routes of Art and Culture, Part 1, Athens, Ministry of Culture and Sports