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Literature Society “Parnassos”

During the German occupation, a Nazi military court was housed in the Literature Society "Parnassos" building.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1821 - )

    1861 The publishing of the handwritten magazine "Parnassos" began and its release began in 1877.

    1865 The society was founded by the children of the refugee numismatist and philologist Pavlos Lambros.

    1891 The building was inaugurated. It was built in phases.

    1906 The first Greek film was shown here.

    1941 It was commandeered by the German occupation forces that turned it into a court-martial and stole valuable objects and works of art.

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1821)

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

The building designed by Ifikratis Kokkidis is neoclassical with eclectic elements and was financed by a bequest from Antonios Pangkalos, with the purpose of housing the “Parnassos” literature society. The first floor includes rooms for lectures, concerts, dances, a library, a refectory and a reading room. On the second floor, is the exhibition hall, and the ground floor housed the School for Destitute Children until 1930. During the mid-19th century, many destitute children organized themselves into gangs in the then central market, in order to ensure their survival. The association’s action was aimed at addressing the problem. The area of ​​the club is also called “Shrine of the Muses”. Inside, we can admire rare paintings and sculptures.

What I can't see

The society was characterized as the first “Hellenic Academy”. Acclaimed artists and writers have participated in its events. Pierre de Coubertin also spoke here in favour of the revival of the Olympic Games, which should be held in Athens in 1896. Concerts, exhibitions, lectures, literary prize events and dance events are always held in this space. The annual dance of Parnassos was one of the annual secular events until the beginning of the 20th century, in which the royal family also participated.



Yohalas T., Kafetzaki Τ., (2013), Αθήνα, Ιχνηλατώντας την πόλη με οδηγό την ιστορία και τη λογοτεχνία [Athens, Tracing the city guided by history and literature], ESTIA Bookstore


Field observation by scientific editor


Zivas D.A., (2012), Αρχιτεκτονικός Οδηγός Αθηνών, [Architectural Guide of Athens], Cultural Foundation of Pireos Group


Makrogianni M., (1995), Ματιές στην Αθήνα που έφυγε, [Glances at Athens that is gone], v.1. Filippoti