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Long Walls (Moschato)

The Long Walls are the ancient walls that linked Athens and Piraeus, and today we can see them next to the metro rails.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1821 - )

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1821)

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

    They were built after the Persian Wars and under the leadership of Kimon and Pericles.

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

Beneath the tracks of Metro Line 1, the Long Walls were discovered, which linked ancient Athens and ancient Piraeus. At this point, we can see a part of these walls. During the track renovation works, two sections of the walls, approximately 40m long and 2m high each, were found in the Moschato area. These sections belong to the “inner” or “south” wall of the Long Walls, as the “outer” or “northern” is under the Pireos and Kyprou streets at a distance of 184m. (1 stadium). The floor of the walls has a thick substrate of gravel, and their construction is based on the alternation of the stones. This art of fortification is monumental and is also found in other parts of Greece. Unfortunately, few know that these visible parts belong to such an important ancient building, which results in easy vandalization.

What I can't see

Themistocles in the 5th century BC envisioned Athens as the master of the seas. The then port of Athens, Faliro, was inadequate for these needs. So, he decided to take advantage of the three natural harbours of Piraeus. The Long Walls were constructed by Kimon and then Konon to ensure easy communication between Piraeus and Athens in the event of an attack. They were constructed by Calicrates and cost 6,000 talents. Their construction was a sample of the prosperity of Athens and significantly changed the social geography of Athens and Piraeus. Recently, the biggest part was buried in order for the metro line renovation works to be completed, until a new study will suggest a final solution. Many sections of the walls are also under private buildings all along the way between Athens Centre and Piraeus.


  • Address: Argostoliou and Chimaras St.


Field observation by scientific editors

Markou E., (2016), Ένας περίπατος στα Μακρά Τείχη και στις αρχαιότητες της οδού Πειραιώς, [A stroll at the Long Walls and antiquities of Pireos st.),

Last visit 23/4/2019

Foka Ι., Valavanis P., (1994), Περίπατοι στην Αθήνα και την Αττική, τόποι, θεοί, μνημεία [Strolls in Athens and Attica, places, gods, monuments], Kedros

Syropoulos I., (2014), Section of the Long Walls with Tower in Moschato, in Navigating the Routes of Art and Culture, Part 2- Suburbs, p.31, Ministry of Culture and Sports