Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Search in posts
Search in pages

Monument of National Resistance in Kaissariani

The Monument of National Resistance in Kaissariani is dedicated to the deads of one of the largest Nazi massacres during the German occupation.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1821 - )

    1922 The area is used as a shooting range for the artillery.

    1930 It is still used as a shooting range for sport activities.

    1942 The Nazis do their first executions.

    2005 The monument is constructed by the sculptor Apostolos Fanakidis (1945 -).

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1821)

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

The monument of National Resistance in Kaissariani or “Altar of freedom” is dedicated to the more than 600 Greeks executed here by the Nazis between 1942 and 1944. The monument consists of two central columns; perpendicular to these, black granite panels have been installed with the names of the dead. Behind the columns, there is a small pond, situated on the spot where blood from the executed men gathered. The monument was integrated in the Grove of Kaissariani and was the result of collaboration between several architects. The site is not accessible at all times, in order to prevent potential acts of vandalism. However, the monument is visible from the site’s entrance.

What I can't see

Both before and after the war (up until construction of the monument), the area was used as a shooting range. The Nazis conducted executions here together with their Greek collaborators. The climax was the execution of 200 opponents of the dictatorship of Metaxas, to retaliate the killing of a German general by the partisans in the Peloponnese. The Greek Resistance against Nazi troops played a major role in the outcome of World War II. The Greeks delayed the provisioning of Hitler’s forces in North Africa (by blowing up the Bridge of Gorgopotamos), which resulted in Hitler attacking the U.S.S.R. in the winter, with well-known catastrophic results for the Axis. The occupation of Greece by the Nazis accounted for the extermination of nearly 12% of the population, among which 130,000 civilians died in reprisal killings, over 350,000 from starvation and the cold during the first year of occupation in Athens alone and 70,000 Jews in concentration camps. Greece also suffered the destruction of 50% of its infrastructure, 75% of its industry, the theft of 8,500 museum exhibits, the destruction of ancient treasures, the burning of almost 1,500 villages, the looting of the Bank of Greece through a withdrawal of a total of 32,000 gold sovereigns, the imposition of a mandatory interest-free loan of 7 billion euros, plus 850 million euros through forged deutsche marks.


Adamopoulou M., (2013), Σήκωσαν ολόκληρα μουσεία οι γερμανοί στην κατοχή, [ Germans looted entire museums during the occupation], in Nea Online,

Last visit 1/5/2013

Attic Green, (d.u.), Σκοπευτήριο Καισαριανής, [Shooting ground of Kaissariani], in

Last visit 1/5/2013

Vassilopoulos Ch., (d.u.), Το κατοχικό δάνειο, [The occupational loan], Time Machine,

Last visit 1/5/2013

Glyptothiki, (χ.α.), Εθνική Αντίσταση, [National Resistance]

Last visit 1/5/2013

Grigoriads F., (1973-4), Γερμανοί, κατοχή, αντίστασις, 1941-1943, [Germans, occupation, resistance , 1941-1943], Athens: Neokosmos

Floutzis A., (1987), Εκτελεσθέντες και κρατούμενοι στα χρόνια της κατοχής, 1941-1944, [Executed and prisoners in the years of occupation, 1941-1944], Martyries/ Vivliorama

Höhler G., (2013), Griechenland fordert Reparationen von Deutschland,in Der Tagesspiegel,,

Last visit 1/5/2013