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Pentakyklo is a steel structure, consisting of five cycles and has a height of 15 metres.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1821 - )

    2001 Creation of the sculpture.

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1821)

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

This pentacyclic monument was made to remain in constant motion with the help of the water, which according to the artist would be “the blood of the sculpture”. This feature, however, is no longer functioning due to technical reasons. It is a steel structure, consisting of five cycles and has a height of 15 metres. It was designed to blend in with the square and the surrounding environment. Critics Koligianni and Papastamataki have commented: “The sculpture has a clear and unambiguous meaning thanks to the familiar theme of the five circles representing the five continents, a theme that expresses the multinational character of the square. Although the artist pioneered the use of stainless steel, a material which gives the sculpture an identity, its form annihilates this effort. The perforated construction is lost in the visual chaos that surrounds the square.”


What I can't see

The project was presented in 2001 at the Venice Biennale in its natural size and won the first prize. The artist Giorgos Zoggolopoulos (1903-2004) had won the same prize in 1957, for a work of art made for the same square. The sculpture was placed here in the context of the previous restoration of Omonia Square by the company for the Unification of the Archaeological Sites of Athens (EAXA).


  • Address: Omonoia Sq.


Antonopoulou Z., (2003), Τα γλυπτά της Αθήνας, Υπαίθρια Γλυπτική1834-2004 [The sculptures of Athens, Outdoor sculpting 1834-2004], Potamos

Karouzakis G., (2008), «Αποκαταστάθηκε» ο Ζογγολόπουλος στην Ομόνοια, Το πολύπαθο γλυπτό του «Πεντάκυκλο» παραδόθηκε, επιτέλους, ολοκληρωμένο στους Αθηναίους, [Zoggolopoulos in Omonia is “restored”, the much- afficted sculpture of his “Pentakyklo” is finally delivered completed to the Athenians], Eleftherotypia, in arts, Fine Arts,

Last visit 19/1/13


Koligianni A., Papastamataki Ε., (d.u.), Το γλυπτό στην πλατεία: το παράδειγμα των πλατειών της Αθήνας, [The sculpture in the square: the example of Athens squares], Lecture in