The name "Hortiatis" emerged during the Byzantine period, coming from the monastery Hortaiti or Horteti.
Modern and Contemporary era (1912 - )
1944 September 2nd, was the day of the “Slaughter of Hortiatis” by the Nazis.
Ottoman era (1453- 1912)
Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)
Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)
Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)
Classical era (478-323 BC)
Archaic era (800-479 BC)
Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)
Prehistory (-1100 BC)
What I can see
Hortiatis is the closest mountain to Thessaloniki, with an altitude of 1.082m. The view of Thessaloniki, Halkidiki and lakes Koronia and Volvi are rather unique from the top. The vegetation is sparse in some places and elsewhere is dense. Chestnut trees, oaks, beeches, firs, anemones, cyclamens, orchids, lilies, geraniums and other plants dominate the mountain. An endemic plant is Crocus biflorous. The mountain is ideal for walks, hiking, biking on off-road tracks and running. On a plateau near the top is a fortress, that has been useful for the protection of Thessaloniki from antiquity to this day. At the top is an ancient enclosure with walls and inside are ancient architectural remains from the 6th or the 4th century BC till the Byzantine period.
What I can't see
The mountain covering an area of 20,855 acres was called Kissos until the Byzantine period, coming from the –probably of Thracian origin- eponymous ancient city, where the founder of Thessaloniki, Cassander, imposed merging it with other 25 cities for the founding of Thessaloniki. The name “Hortiatis” emerged during the Byzantine period, coming from the monastery Hortaiti or Horteti. In the village of Hortiatis, one of the greatest war crimes by the Nazis was committed. In retaliation for the death of a German officer, 149 people were executed, and 300 houses were burned, 109 of whom were women and girls. The women were raped beforehand. Many of the victims were burned alive in the village square. The others were transferred to a bakery and were shot through a small window. Afterwards, they set it on fire and whoever attempted to escape was stabbed.
Last visit: 2/8/2015
DordanasΝ. S., (2007), Το αίμα των αθώων, αντίποινα των γερμανικών αρχών κατοχής στη Μακεδονία, 1941-1944, [The blood of the innocent, reprisal of German occupation authorities in Macedonia, 1941-1944], ESTIA
Manoledakis M., (2005), Kissos: An approach to the History of an ancient Thracian town, in Thrace in the Graeco- Roman world, in proceedings of the 10th international congress of thracology, Komotini- Alexandroupoli, 18-23 October, 2005
Filotis, (d.u.), ΌροςΧορτιάτης, [Mount Hortiatis], NTUA
Last visit: 2/8/2015