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Labour houses of Axios Gate

The labour houses of Axios Gate are located on the western part of the city.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1912 - )

    1967 Most buildings were constructed within two years. The twelve-storey buidings were built within four years.

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1912)

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

Labour houses have a distinct architectural style in relation to the rest of the urban fabric, because these areas were once “remote”. Today, most complexes, like this one, have integrated into the urban fabric. Axios Gate Labour Houses were designed as an extensive and complete residential community with common facilities in the centre, such as health centre, school, sports facilities, church, squares, playgrounds, green and recreational areas. It was also planned to have stores and offices, which never materialized. The twelve-storey apartment buildings stand out, but the majority is the four-storey ones. In this complex, there are many different typologies of buildings (e.g. with grid, with continuous balcony). A rather noticeable element is the incorporation of semi-outdoor spaces and land fencing on the ground floors, which alter the original architecture, but serve the social need for bigger private space.

What I can't see

The complex was delivered before its completion and the residents moved into unfinished houses, which were located on undeveloped land. Today, we mostly meet elderly and immigrant residents. Many of the owners are third generation and heirs of the first tenants. They do not necessarily belong to low income strata, nor do they live in the area. There are also cases of utilization through a short-term rental platform. The first residents were underprivileged, former shack owners, expatriates from the former USSR, working people with many children, and low-wage workers. This small settlement had a unique anthropo-geographical development, which is a result of its own and autonomous social and urban planning pace. However, a total redesign is needed for its maintenance and modernization, in order to meet contemporary needs and to stop its ongoing deterioration, both structurally and socially, as it is not attractive for younger people.


  • Address: Papadima & Ivanof


Karkaletsis G., (2013), Περπατώντας στις εργατικές κατοικίες Πύλης Αξιού, [Walking through the labour houses of Axios Gate], in Parallaxi,

Last visit 14/2/2024


Λιτσαρδάκης Α., (2022), Εργατικές κατοικίες Ξηροκρήνης: Ο πιο μεγάλος μικρόκοσμος της πόλης, [Labour Houses of Xirokrini: The biggest microcosm of the city] in Parallaxi,

Last visit 14/2/2024


Christodoulou C., (2015), Συγκροτήματα κοινωνικής κατοικίας της πρώτης μεταπολεμικής περιόδου στη Θεσσαλονίκη: Μετασχηματισμοί και αστικοί συσχετισμοί στο οικιστικό περιβάλλον της σύγχρονης πόλης, [Social housing complexes of the first post-war period in Thessaloniki: Transformations and urban correlations in the residential environment of the modern city], in Vitopoulou A., Karadimou- Gerolympou A., Tournikiotis P., (2015), Η ελληνική πόλη και η πολεοδομία του μοντέρνου, [The Greek city and modern urban planning], in,mo.mo_, Futura v.5, p.p. 297- 313