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Naval Fortresses of Angelochori

The naval forts of Angelochori were built by German engineers during the Ottoman period.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1912 - )

    1998 The lighthouse was listed as a protected newer monument of industrial heritage.

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1912)

    1909 The 2 big fortresses were built, the one in Angelochori and the one in Nea Michaniona.

    1912 It was reinforced by the Turks.

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

The fortress was built in the 18th century by German engineers, but it has been a strategic point for the protection of the city since ancient times. A similar fortress of the same era can be found in Austria. The concrete artillery, warehouses, observation posts, spotlights and anti-aircraft bases were built during the German occupation (WWII). Moreover, the 1864 lighthouse of the French Company of Ottoman Lighthouses stands out, it is 10m high and is placed 32m above sea level.

What I can't see

During the First World War, the Allies found installed 4 guns of the Turkish battleship Feth-i  Bulend, which had been torpedoed in the port of Thessaloniki during the First Balkan War by a Greek torpedo boat. During the interwar period, the site was reorganized by the Greek Navy and two Krupps 210mm and 305mm artillery groups were installed. In World War II, the Germans laid mines at the entrance of the Thermaic Gulf.


Karamitsios G., (2017), Θεσσαλονίκη, 100 μικρές ιστορίες, [Thessaloniki, 100 little stories] Ιanos


Vonkaltz, (2016), Ναυτικά Οχυρά Θεσσαλονίκης, [Naval Forts of Thessaloniki] in

Last visit 8/4/2024