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Acropolis and Philopappos Hill configuration

The architectural design of the two hills by Dimitris Pikionis is exemplary.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1821 - )

    1954 Beginning of construction.

    1957 Completion.

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1821)

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

The redevelopment includes the streets and footpaths of the Acropolis, Odeon of Herodes Atticus and Philopappos Hill. It is considered to be one of the outstanding landscape architecture projects in Athens, as the majority of the panoramic views are of the Acropolis. The architect, Dimitris Pikionis, used materials and forms from ancient, Byzantine and folk traditions, and was clearly influenced by Japanese architecture. In this way, he wanted to express the historical and cultural continuity of Hellenism. The ornate tiling, using vessels and architectural parts and planting plants of Attica on non-excavated antiquities have caused some critical comments. However, through this style, it is commonly accepted that the universality of Greek culture is expressed especially with the reconciliation of architecture, landscape and historical memory.

What I can't see

Pikionis argued that the Greek landscape is the geological basis of modernism in architecture. Using the example of the simplicity of Cycladic architecture, he advocated the turning of modernism to its eastern Mediterranean home. However, Pikionis saw that the excessive abstraction of modernism led to cubism, the new-plasticism and constructivism, creating a style without logic, place, emotion and art.


Yohalas T., Kafetzaki Τ., (2013), Αθήνα, Ιχνηλατώντας την πόλη με οδηγό την ιστορία και τη λογοτεχνία [Athens, Tracing the city guided by history and literature], ESTIA Bookstore

Technical Chamber of Greece (2000), Διαμόρφωση Aρχαιολογικού Xώρου γύρω από την Aκρόπολη και τον λόφο του Φιλοπάππου , [Lie of the Archaeological Site around the Acropolis and Philopappos Hill], culture2000,

Lastvisit 15/9/2015

Karali T., (2010), Ελληνικότητα και μοντέρνο στο μεσοπόλεμο. Οι μεταμορφώσεις της ελληνικότητας: από το espritnouveau στο 3ο μάτι, [Greekness and modernism in Interwar. The transformations of greekness: from esprit nouveau to the 3rd eye] in Rodi A.P., Tournikiotis P., (ed), (επ.), (2010), Εκδοχές του μοντέρνου στην Αθήνα του Μεσοπολέμου, [Versions of modern in Interwar Athens],, Futura, Benaki Museum, N.T.U.A.