Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Search in posts
Search in pages

Busts of Zappeion Garden

The marble busts of Zappeion Garden are about people of literature, arts and sciences.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1821 - )

    1929 On January 17, the bust of Paraschos by the Athenian Giorgos Dimitriadis (1880-1941) is revealed.

    1930 The bust of Polemis is erected (perform by Loukas Doukas (1890-1926) in marble sculpture, Ioannis Koulouris).

    1933 The bust of Paparigopoulos, by Emmanuel Tombros (1889-1974) is erected.

    1934 The bust of Souris, by the Athenian Giorgos Dimitriadis, is erected. The cost was paid by the literary association "Parnassus".

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1821)

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

These marble busts belong to Achilles Paraschos, Ioannis Polemis, Constantine Paparigopoulos, George Souris, Ioannis Kiriakos and Stephanos Dragoumis. Five of them are located in the western and northwestern part of the garden towards Amalias Avenue, while Paraschos’ bust is in the southeastern part, on Vassilissis Olgas Avenue. The bust of Achilles Paraschos shows the poet with his head facing to the left. The sculpture exudes a strong sense of movement, as reflected in the folds of the garment. On the base there is an engraved harp and an olive branch, symbols of his art. A slight tilt of the head is noticeable on the bust of Souris, which lends gravity and pride to the sculpture, which was erected on a three-step pedestal and base. The sculpture of historian Constantine Paparigopoulos is characteristic for its simplicity.

What I can't see

These were celebrated intellectuals of modern Greece. Achilles Paraschos was an important romantic poet of the 19th century; Ioannis Polemis was a poet and playwright, who opposed excessive romanticism and belonged to a generation of poets who introduced the demotic (vernacular) language in his work. His verses were symbolic and lyrical and had immense popular appeal. George Souris was a satirical poet and was nicknamed “Modern Aristophanes”. Ioannis Kiriakos was chairman of the Olympian and Legacy Committee and Stefanos Dragoumis was a prominent judge and politician of the 19th century. Finally, Constantine Paparigopoulos is considered by historians to be the father of modern Greek historiography. He introduced the concept of continuity in Greek history, divided into 3 parts: ancient, medieval (Byzantine) and contemporary history. This holistic approach became the foundation of the modern Greek national identity.



Antonopoulou Z., (2007), Η νεότερη γλυπτική στον κήπο του Ζαππείου, παρελθόν, παρόν και μέλλον, [Modern sculpture in Zappeion Garden, past, present and future], in Monumenta,,


Last visit 28/1/2013


Antonopoulou Z., (2003), Τα γλυπτά της Αθήνας, Υπαίθρια Γλυπτική1834-2004 [The sculptures of Athens, Outdoor sculpting 1834-2004], Potamos


Germanos F., (d.u.), Γιώργος Σουρής, ένας αιώνας γέλιο, [George Souris, a century of laughter], The programmes I loved, Digital Archive, ERΤ


Dimitropoulos A.G., (2004), Οι Ελληνικές Κυβερνήσεις 1843-2004, [The greek goverments 1843-2004], Athens.


Koumpourlis Ι., (1998), Εννοιολογικές πολυσημίες και πολιτικό πρόταγμα: Ένα παράδειγμα από τον Κ. Παπαρηγόπουλο, [Semantic polysemies and political prefixes: An example by C. Paparigopoulos] in Istorics, v. 28-29, n. 15ος, p.p. 31-58.


Mavrakis N., (2007), Η Οδύσσεια της ποίησης, από το έπος στο μεταμοντερνισμό, [Poetry’s Odyssey, from epic to postmodernism], Sokoli