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Syntagma Square

The name "Syntagma Square" commemorates a historic event, when palace forces clashed with insurgents, who demanded that King Otto grant a constitution.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1821 - )

    1842 Initial configuration by Theophil Hansen.

    1843 The revolution of September 3 breaks out and Square’s name changes from Palace Square to Syntagma (Constitution) Square.

    1854 Complete planting of the Garden of the Muses.

    1857 Paved using the Mac Adam system.

    1929 Completion of the reconstruction of the marble stairs.

    2004 The most recent restroration.

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1821)

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

Syntagma (=constitution) Square is the central square of Athens. Marble is the predominant material used here. In recent years, the square has gained an international reputation due to the demonstrations held here, which often turn unruly and have put the spotlight on Greece through worldwide media coverage. The square’s antiquities (a burial precinct from the 4th century BC), its sculptures, cafes and the Garden of the Muses, make it one of the most dynamic social hubs in Athens.

What I can't see

The name commemorates a historic event, when palace forces clashed with insurgent citizens and political parties, who demanded that King Otto grant the people of Greece a constitution (=syntagma). Insurgent forces prevailed and Otto was forced to adopt a constitutional charter.  The square’s cosmopolitan character was enhanced both by local and foreign visitors and earned it the title of the “navel of Athens and Hellenism.” It was at Syntagma Square that the ancient “stele” with the inscription “GARDEN OF THE MUSES” was unearthed. Since then, the square is a starting point for calculating distances from Athens. Around the square there once were neoclassical and eclectic buildings, most of which were demolished in the name of “modernization”. The square itself has undergone minor architectural changes. Its decorative sculptures are copies, which protects the originals from vandalism. It is also the focal point of the social and political conflicts of modern and contemporary Greece. During the 2004 Athens Olympics, it was also a central cultural venue and meeting point for visitors.


  • Address: Amalias Av., Filellinon, Othonos and V. Georgiou A St.


Yohalas T., Kafetzaki Τ., (2013), Αθήνα, Ιχνηλατώντας την πόλη με οδηγό την ιστορία και τη λογοτεχνία [Athens, Tracing the city guided by history and literature], ESTIA Bookstore

Zivas D.A.., (2012), Αρχιτεκτονικός Οδηγός Αθηνών, [Architectural Guide of Athens], Cultural Foundation of Pireos Group

Melampianaki E. (2006), Οι πλατείες της Αθήνας 1834-1945, διαδικασία διαμόρφωσης, λειτουργία- πολεοδομική σημασία, [The squares of Athens 1834-1945, formation process- functionality- urban design importance], NTUA, Ph.D.