Alaca Imaret Mosque is a significant monument of the Ottoman period.
Modern and Contemporary era (1912 - )
1978 It was damaged by an earthquake. It was restored in the following years and since then, it has been used for cultural events of the City of Thessaloniki.
Ottoman era (1453- 1912)
1484 It was built then, according to the entrance inscription.
Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)
Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)
Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)
Classical era (478-323 BC)
Archaic era (800-479 BC)
Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)
Prehistory (-1100 BC)
What I can see
It is a rare monument of the early Ottoman period and although it was built based on traditional Islamic architecture, it has several Western influences. It consists of bricks and carved stones, has a brick-enclosed masonry system and marble frames around the openings. It is a monument that bears witness to the city’s 5-century history. Its floor plan is in the shape of an inverted T, it consists of a twin central prayer area with two domes of equal size, 4 side compartments for other functions (e.g. breadline, school) and the entrance has an arcade with columns and domes. Inside, the frescoes depict geometric shapes and plant motifs. Today, the monument is “lost” in the dense apartment buildings that surround it, as a result of which it becomes more and more “invisible”, thus the knowledge of residents and visitors about it, is gradually lost.
What I can't see
Apart from a place of prayer, it was a poorhouse (imaret) and an Islamic school (medrese). There was also a large stoa, which served as a shelter for refugees and beggars. The stone minaret was on the western side and was colourful (alaca) with diamond-shaped patterns. This type of minaret originates from Central Asian and Persian Islam. In the original Islamic architecture of central Anatolia, the courtyard was covered by a dome and had a small prayer area. When the prayer area grew bigger, the dome became the main part of the building. Alaca Imaret was built with the funding of the local lord Inegiolu Isak Pasha. Luxurious mosques needed generous funding. The speed of construction of mosques demonstrated an abundance of skilled workers, developed architectural traditions and the availability of sufficient resources.
- Address: Dimitrion Sq.
Kourkoutidou- Nikolaidou E., Tourta A., (1997), Περίπατοι στη Βυζαντινή Θεσσαλονίκη, [Walks in the Byzantine Thessaloniki], Athens: Kapon publications
Oudatzi K., (2015), Σύγχρονος αστικός ιστός με επιμέρους αρχιτεκτονικές ταυτότητες, [contemporary urban web with individual architectural identities], in Kairidis D., (ed.), (2015), Θεσσαλονίκη, μια πόλη σε μετάβαση, 1912-2012, [Thessaloniki, a city in transition, 1912-2012], Thessaloniki: Epikentro, p.p. 455- 464
Filippidis D., (2006), Αρχιτεκτονικές Μεταμορφώσεις, Ι. μητροπολιτικά κέντρα, [Architectural Transformations, I. metropolitan centres], Melissa
Chatzitryfonos Ε., (1997), Οθωμανικά μνημεία, [Ottoman Monuments], in Epta Imeres, Kathimerini, p.p. 3- 5
Mazower M., (2004), Θεσσαλονίκη, πόλη των φαντασμάτων, [Salonica, city of ghosts], Athens: Alexandria