Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors
Search in posts
Search in pages

Monument of Hasan Tahsin Pasha and Kenan Mesare

Hasan Tahsin, the last Pasha of Thessaloniki (he was of Albanian origin), surrendered the city to the Greeks, saving thousands of lives.

  1. Modern and Contemporary era (1912 - )

    2002 Hasan Tahsin Pasha's bones were transported to the courtyard of the Balkan Wars Museum.

  2. Ottoman era (1453- 1912)

  3. Byzantine era (331 AC- 1453)

  4. Roman era (30 BC- 330 AC)

  5. Hellenistic era (322- 31 BC)

  6. Classical era (478-323 BC)

  7. Archaic era (800-479 BC)

  8. Geometric era (-1100- 800 BC)

  9. Prehistory (-1100 BC)

What I can see

Hasan Tahsin Pasha was a commander-in-chief of the Ottoman army; he was of Albanian origin and the person who surrendered Thessaloniki to the Greek army on October 26, 1912. The Greek forces arrived in Thessaloniki faster than the Bulgarians and he was forced to surrender the city after the victories of the Greek army to Sarantaporos of Elassona and Giannitsa. Hassan Tahsin came from a noble family, he had studied at the Zosimaia School in Ioannina, was a military commander and gendarmerie commander in Crete, he was also transferred to Iraq, Syria and Yemen, until he ended up in Thessaloniki and served under the orders of the then major Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk). In the precincts of today’s Museum of the Balkan Wars, where the surrender negotiations took place, are the tombs of himself and his son, Kenan Messare. Hasan Tahsin’s bones were transported here, as this is not his original grave.

What I can't see

Although Hasan Tahsin did not act on his own, but he had consulted the Ottoman governor and the foreign consuls, he is considered a traitor by the Turks, thus he was sentenced to death in absentia. However, the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in Macedonia was certain and Hasan Tahsin managed to avoid bloodshed and set free 25,000 prisoners. He then fled to France and died in Switzerland. It is rumored that he preferred to surrender the city to the Greeks rather than the Bulgarians, because he had philhellenic feelings. This is another reason why he is considered as traitor in Turkish history. In his reports, the German consul was extremely dissatisfied about the surrender of the city to Greece and described some atrocities of the Greek army. He acknowledged, however, the Greek authorities’ effort to enforce law and order and especially deal with larcenous phenomena, originating mainly from Bulgarian groups.


  • Address: Courtyard of the Museum of Balkan Wars


Mansel P., (2015), Ήταν η Θεσσαλονίκη μία λεβαντίνικη πόλη;, [Was Thessaloniki a Levantine city?, in Kairidis D., (ed.), (2015), Θεσσαλονίκη, μια πόλη σε μετάβαση, 1912-2012, [Thessaloniki, a city in transition, 1912-2012], Thessaloniki: Epikentro, p.p. 55-67


Ζafeiris Ch., (2014), Θεσσαλονίκη, η παρουσία των απόντων, η κληρονομιά Ρωμαίων, Μουσουλμάνων, Εβραίων, Ντονμέδων, Φράγκων, Αρμενίων και Σλάβων, [Thessaloniki, the presense of the absent, the heritage of Romans, Muslims, Jews, Doenme, Franks, Armenians and Slavs], Thessaloniki: Epikentro


Kalogrias V., (2015), Η Θεσσαλονίκη κατά την απελευθέρωση (1912/13): Αναλύσεις και εκτιμήσεις του γερμανικού γενικού προξενείου, [Thessaloniki during the liberation (1912/13): Analyses and assessments of the German General Consulate] in Kairidis D., (ed.), (2015), Θεσσαλονίκη, μια πόλη σε μετάβαση, 1912-2012, [Thessaloniki, a city in transition, 1912-2012], Thessaloniki: Epikentro, p.p. 177- 188


Karamitsios G., (2017), Θεσσαλονίκη, 100 μικρές ιστορίες, [Thessaloniki, 100 little stories] Ιanos